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History of Dance Forms



The mood of the Rumba is – 'LOVE'

The Rumba comes from Cuba, so it is also known as the Cuban Rumba. They say the Rumba's influence began way back in the 16th century and that it is such an old dance, it was danced by the Africans. When the Africans were taken as slaves to the Americas, they were made to work very hard. After a hard day's work, when they were tired and wanted to make love, they would dance the Rumba to get relaxed, and then move on to the love making. So it was a highly sensual dance. In those days, the Rumba was considered to be a 'Dance of Sex.' When the slave-drivers saw them dance the Rumba they wanted to copy it and dance it in public. So they reduced the sensuality of it and instead of calling it a the 'Dance of Sex' called it the 'Dance of Love.'

In 1954, when the Latin American Ballroom Association was formed, it set rules and regulations for the Rumba and made it one of their official dances.
The Rumba is danced with an attitude: Man – Sensually aggressive Women – Sensually defensive.
The Rumba is the slowest of all the Latin American Ballroom Dances. It goes at the rate of 28 beats per minute.
Its count is 1-2-3-4a-1.



The mood of Samba is – 'FESTIVE'.

Even though the Samba is originally from Africa, it is the national dance of Brazil, so it is also known as the Brazilian Samba. Even today, the Samba is danced solo on the streets of Brazil's Rio de Janeiro during carnivals. It has a lot of upper and lower body movement with a lot of head gear and very little on the body as costumes.

In 1950, an American play called 'Street Carnival' did over 200 shows all over Europe, making the Samba tremendously popular. This play was the first to have a man and a woman dancing the Samba together.

When the Latin American Ballroom Association was formed in 1955, it set rules and regulations for the Samba and made it one of their official dances. The Samba is said to be RHYTHMIC… ANIMALISTIC… EXOTIC… and SEXY… and is popular for its variety of rhythms and body isolation moves.

The Samba is one of the fastest of all the Latin American Ballroom Dances. It is danced at the rate of 50 beats per minute.
Its count is 1A-2



The mood of JIVE is – 'FUN'.

Like the cha cha, the Jive has no country of origin. The mix of the Jive is similar to BOOGIE, JITTERBUG, WEST COAST SWING, LINDY HOP and most of all the ROCK 'n' ROLL… To dance the Jive effectively, one must be able to do a great mix of all… the Jive is a FUN FILLED… CARE FREE… and a RELAXED dance.

In 1954, The Latin American Ballroom Association mixed the all the above dances, and came up with the JIVE, keeping it either fast or slow depending upon the interpretation of music, style and choreography.

The Jive is one of the fastest of all the Latin American dances with a speed of 44 beats per minute. This dance, with all of its kicks and flicks, requires a tremendous amount of stamina.

The Samba is one of the fastest of all the Latin American Ballroom Dances. It is danced at the rate of 50 beats per minute.
Its count is 1-2-3A-4-5A-6



The mood of CHA CHA CHA is – 'NAUGHTY'.

The Cha Cha Cha has no particular country of origin. It is an offshoot of this dance called the 'Mambo'. When the Mambo was danced with a double leg movement people gave this dance the name 'Triple Mambo'.

In 1954, the Latin American Ballroom Association accepted Triple Mambo as one of their dances by setting rules and regulations, and changing its name from Triple Mambo to CHA CHA CHA making it a FLIRTY… NAUGHTY… SPICY and a very RHYTHMICAL dance, filled with lots of zest, hip action and high speed maneuvers…. That's why its music is very INVITING and MISCHIEVOUS and it is called the CHEEKY Cha Cha Cha….

Cha Cha is a medium paced dance with a speed of 32 BPM.

The Samba is one of the fastest of all the Latin American Ballroom Dances. It is danced at the rate of 50 beats per minute.
Its count is 2-3-CHA-CHA-1.


Viennese Waltz & Waltz

The mood of Waltz is – 'ROMANCE'.

The Viennese Waltz began in the 17th Century. It comes from Vienna, from the Alp region of Austria and also from the southern part of Germany that is called Bavaria. It was then danced with a lot of distance between the partners, almost like a Latin Hold. It slowly moved towards France and the French brought the partners closer together when dancing the Viennese Waltz (the hip joints actually touch). At that time, this change was quite scandalous. Later, in the 18th century, when it moved to America, the Americans felt that bringing the dance still closer would help them dance it better. In 1816, at the palace of the Prince Regent in London, the Viennese Waltz was performed for the first time in public. This close style of dance was heavily criticized by the public. In 1866, a popular English magazine 'Belgravia' criticized the Viennese Waltz, calling it a horrifying, wicked dance. Fortunately, Queen Victoria was a keen ballroom dancer and had a special place in her heart for the Viennese Waltz, which made it more acceptable to the public.

In 1924, when the Standard Ballroom Dance Association was formed, to make Viennese Waltz more popular they reduced its tempo and called it the 'Waltz' or the ' English Waltz' or the 'Modern Waltz'.

The Viennese Waltz has a speed of 60 beats per minute. The Waltz, on the other hand, has a speed is 30 beats per minute.

Both the Viennese Waltz and the Waltz have a count of 1 2 3.



The mood of Foxtrot is – 'SOCIAL'.

Harry Fox, an actor-comedian born in 1882, brought popularity to the Foxtrot. In 1904, Harry moved from San Francisco to New York after a massive fire and earthquake hit San Francisco. Harry chose to move to New York to fulfill his dream to act in plays. He had joined theater in 1902. He partnered up with Dolly, a singer and dancer from a band called Sisters, to dance to ragtime music in nightclubs for extra money. In 1914, cinema was becoming mainstream and theatre was beginning to fade. To draw people back to the theatres, the play directors asked Harry Fox and Dolly to dance between plays and during intermissions. One fine day, Harry Fox came up with a style that looked and sounded like a Horses Trot. People appreciated that step and copied it to dance it in public and gave it the name 'Fox's Trot'. That is where the name 'Foxtrot' came from.

In 1924, the Standard Ballroom Dance Association took the Foxtrot under their wing and set standards for it, making it even more popular.

Foxtrot is danced at the speed of 30 beats per minute. It is counted in Slows and Quicks.